Mysteries of the Map

Below you will find locales and labels that we have been as yet unable to identify with a great deal of certainty. We invite you to examine these items, here shown as clips from both the original map image and our digitally enhanced Oxford Outremer map. Please contact us with any suggestions concerning these terms, and we will post any discussion or ideas about what we have posted here.

Unidentified Items


According to Dussaud, there are two “Tizin’s” in Syria, but one is much too far North, and the other too far inland (just west of Homs). Our site is coastal, south of St. Simeon.

Anne Cas

Coastal site, west of Mt.Carmel. The only nearby site with a vaguely similar name is “Recodane,” which is already represented. The coastline here is particularly distorted which makes the whole problem more difficult.

Foresta de Arches ubi leones

East of Caesarea. Vaughan thought this was the same as the “Forest of Arsuf,” but since that forest is also listed, this seems unlikely.

Obviatio M et El / mons et mon

Presumbably this label refers to the biblical meeting of Elizabeth and Mary of Luke 1:39-56, but none of the places commonly associated with the event match the position of the site on the map


Castrum in lacu lacus

Identified as Tinnis/Tennis, based solely on location (in lake north of Damietta).

Rochetaillee Castel

Just south of Caesarea. Tentatively identified with Nahr al Falik.


In the Nile, west of Damietta. Tenetively identified with the ChainTower, or Burj as-Silsilah, stormed by the 5th Crusade before taking Damietta, based on its location and the type of structure.

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