Map 9: T-O Map

This type of world map was widespread in the medieval period; Jerusalem sits at the intersection of three continents and two rivers at the very center of the world.  It was inspired by Isidore of Seville’s passage from the Etymologiae, in which he states that the inhabited world is round, surrounded by an ocean, and divided into three parts.

This version is from the 1472 printed edition of Isidore’s Etymologiae,
printed in Augsburg by Günther Zainer

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